EMERGENCY means a situation or scenario which has the potential to cause serious danger to persons, environment or damage to property and which tends to cause disruption inside or outside the premises and may require the help of outside resources.
DISASTER means an occurrence of such magnitude as to create a situation in which the normal patterns of life within an industrial complex are suddenly disrupted and in certain cases affecting the neighborhood seriously with the result that the people are plunged into helplessness and suffering and may need food, shelter, clothing, medical attention, protection and other life sustaining requirements.
DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN means a well-coordinated, comprehensive response plan to contain loss of life, property, environment and provide speedy and effective recovery by making the most effective use of available resources in case of a disaster.
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Activities involved in disaster risk management
Disaster or Emergency risk management is the sum total of all activities, programmes and measures that emphasise preparedness and mitigation, and can be taken up before, during and after a disaster with the purpose of averting and minimising the resultant losses.
Activities that are taken up within disaster risk management include:
- Before a disaster (pre-disaster): Activities taken to reduce human and property losses caused by a potential hazard. These are mitigation and preparedness activities.
- During a disaster (disaster occurrence): Initiatives taken to ensure that the needs and provisions of victims are met, and their suffering minimised. These are emergency response activities.
- After a disaster (post-disaster): Initiatives taken in response to a disaster with the purpose of achieving early recovery and rehabilitation of the affected communities, immediately after a disaster strikes.
Who needs an Emergency Response/Preparedness and Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP)?
For all practical purposes, all organisation need an Emergency Response/Preparedness and Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP) as a Loss Prevention Measure. However, for hazardous industries and processes, it’s mostly mandated under country specific legal requirements. Few of the focus industries are:
- Oil and Gas sector installations like hydrocarbons processing entities, gaseous/liquid product pipeline, oil and natural gas terminals & commercial storage and transportation, hydrocarbons gas bottling Installations including CNG, city gas distribution facilities and retail outlets
- Units with Hazardous processes and or substances as directed by different legal requirements
Did you know?
Emergencies can be categorised into three broad levels on the basis of seriousness and response requirements:
Level 1: Emergency or an incident which can be effectively and safely managed, and contained within the site, location or installation by the available resources and has no impact outside the site, location or installation.
Level 2: Emergency or an incident which
- cannot be effectively and safely managed or contained at the location or installation by available resources and additional support is alerted or required
- is having or has the potential to have an effect beyond the site, location or installation and where external support of mutual aid partner may be involved
- is likely to be danger to life, environment or to industrial assets or reputation
Level 3: This is an emergency or an incident with off-site impact which could be catastrophic and is likely to affect the population, property and environment inside and outside the installation, and management and control is done by district administration.
Key characteristics of an Emergency Response/Preparedness and Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP)
- It can be used as a tool to manage emergency
- It is concise and informative, so that members of the emergency control organisation should be able to quickly refer to the action plan to determine important functions that are being carried out
- A reference material, for proactive preparation throughout the year
- Always Up to date
- Specific and customised to the site
- Covers all probable emergency or disaster situations, both natural and human-induced
- Scenarios backed up by quantitative consequence modelling as much as possible
Intent of an Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Management
- to prevent casualties – both on-site and off-site
- to reduce damage to property, machinery, public and environment
- to develop a state of readiness for a prompt and orderly response to an emergency and to establish a high order of preparedness (equipment, personnel) commensurate with the risk
- to provide an incident management organogram with clear missions and lines of authority (incident command system, field supervision, unified command)
- to ensure an orderly and timely decision-making and response process (notification, standard operating procedures)
- to maintain good public relations
Click here to know about the Codes, Standards, Statutory and Regulatory requirements
- Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
- National Disaster Management Act, 2005
- National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines and action Plan on Chemical Disasters (Industrial), April, 2007
- Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board Act, 2006; Codes of Practices for Emergency Response and Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP) & Notifications
- Risk Analysis as per IS: 15656-2006
- Schedule 11 of MSIHC 1989 as amended in 2000 and Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness, Response) Rules 1996 of Environmental Protection Act 1986
- Other applicable Rules & Regulations associated for the specific industry
A good ERDMP contains:
How can we work together?
Consultivo helps organisations by supporting the entire process of preparation, implementation and Training on Emergency Response/Preparedness and Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP) as well as providing consulting supports in different fragments of the journeys through:
- Development of onsite Emergency Response/Preparedness and Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP)/Emergency Preparedness & Response Plan (EPRP)
- Implementation support for the plan
- Training and Capacity Building on awareness and preparedness for core team members, management, executives and workforce
"Disaster management in chemical process industries and storage installations is an integral and essential part of a loss-prevention strategy."
What will you experience in Consultivo services?
In order to be excellent, we work on our products & services on each project. Few impact points are listed here:
- Ensuring compliance to the National Statutory & Regulatory requirements by use of National & International Codes and Standards
- The major risk contributors are listed out through vulnerability assessment. If contract permits, recommendations are made in order to reduce the risk to ‘As Low As Reasonably Practicable’ (ALARP) Levels as per UK HSE criteria or PNGRB (in India) risk acceptance criteria. Company’s internal criteria for ALARP can also be utilised if the data is shared by company before project initiation.
- Focus on objectivity and quantification when we talk about Risk Assessment through Consequence Analysis, Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA), Scenario Analysis
- Use of validated software for consequence and risk calculations containing a series of up to date models that allow detailed modelling and quantitative assessment of release rate pool evaporation, atmospheric dispersion, vapour cloud explosion, combustion, heat radiation effects from fires, etc. The basis of software is the hazard model given in TNO Yellow Book.
- Use of the design-basis values for natural hazards such as earthquake, floods, cyclones, Tsunami etc. for estimation of site-specific cases with historical data. They are also determined through various national codes on the design of structures